Category archives: Condensed matter

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, <i>ab initio</i> calculations included

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, ab initio calculations included

Condensed matterDIPC Advanced materialsMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Topological materials have special universal properties, which are protected against perturbations. Such properties are theoretically described by topology, a branch of mathematics concerned with the properties of geometrical objects that are unchanged by continuous deformations. Topological materials behave like an ordinary insulator in the bulk but have conducting states on their boundaries, i.e., edges or […]

An intriguing link between Kerker conditions and energy conservation from fundamental principles

An intriguing link between Kerker conditions and energy conservation from fundamental principles

Condensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

A nanoantenna with balanced electric and magnetic dipole moments exhibits a directive radiation pattern with zero backscattering. This is known as the first Kerker condition after Kerker, Wang, and Giles, who predicted in 1983 that, under plane wave illumination, magnetic spheres with equal relative permittivity and permeability radiate no light in the backscattering direction. They […]

Black metallic hydrogen due to proton quantum fluctuations

Black metallic hydrogen due to proton quantum fluctuations

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

The most famous conjecture in condensed-matter physics was proposed in 1935, when Hillard Huntington and Eugene Wigner calculated the properties of hydrogen squeezed to high density and pressure. They predicted that under pressures above 25 gigapascals (GPa), hydrogen would undergo a density-driven transition from an insulating, molecular solid to a conducting, atomic solid. In their […]

Measuring electron-phonon interaction in multidimensional materials with helium atom scattering

Measuring electron-phonon interaction in multidimensional materials with helium atom scattering

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

The discovery of superconductivity in 2D films dates back over 80 years. Initially, these were 2D metallic films deposited on inert substrates, but in recent times more exotic 2D systems have exhibited superconducting properties, such as the surface of topological insulators or twisted bilayer graphene. Superconductivity is caused by the interactions between atomic vibrations (phonons) […]

An accurate and predictive model for the infrared dielectric function of a van der Waals material

An accurate and predictive model for the infrared dielectric function of a van der Waals material

Condensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

Future information and communication technologies will rely on the manipulation of not only electrons but also of light at the nanometer-scale. Squeezing light to such a small size has been a major goal in nanophotonics for many years. Particularly strong light squeezing can be achieved with polaritons, quasiparticles resulting from the strong coupling of photons […]

Chirality can be used to control the sign of a maximal Chern number

Chirality can be used to control the sign of a maximal Chern number

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

The magnitude of many of the exotic phenomena predicted for topological semimetals is directly proportional to something called the Chern number. Given the importance of the Chern number magnitude for these phenomena, it is just natural to wonder whether there is an upper limit for it and whether there are real materials in which this […]

Controlled molecular rotors mounted on a molecular platform on a gold substrate

Controlled molecular rotors mounted on a molecular platform on a gold substrate

Condensed matterNanotechnology

By DIPC

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 was awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Fraser Stoddart and Ben Feringa “for the design and synthesis of molecular machines”. Molecular machines are made by one or a few molecules linked together, comprising several hundred atoms. If a molecule can use an energy input to perform a mechanical movement (output) it […]