Category archives: Medicine

Single brain scan can diagnose Alzheimer’s disease

Single brain scan can diagnose Alzheimer’s disease

MedicineNeuroscience

By César Tomé

A single MRI scan of the brain using standard equipment could be enough to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease, according to new results. The research uses machine learning technology to look at structural features within the brain, including in regions not previously associated with Alzheimer’s. The advantage of the technique is its simplicity and the fact that […]

Epstein-Barr virus linked to multiple sclerosis

Epstein-Barr virus linked to multiple sclerosis

BiomedicineMedicine

By Rosa García-Verdugo

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating autoimmune condition whereby neurons lose their myelin sheath leading to impaired neural transmission, neural degeneration and motor symptoms. Multiple factors have been considered to influence its development, like vitamin D, but now, a couple of studies have shown that the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is linked to multiple sclerosis. You […]

Immune-based therapies to fight leukemia

Immune-based therapies to fight leukemia

BiomedicineMedicine

By Invited Researcher

Acute leukemia is characterized by the proliferation and accumulation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (which are able to differentiate to create specialized cell types) in the bone marrow that impede normal blood production. D epending on the cell population affected, it can be classified in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). ALL starts […]

Model of new tuberculosis vaccine shows its potential impact and value in South Africa and India

Model of new tuberculosis vaccine shows its potential impact and value in South Africa and India

BiomedicineMedicine

By Invited Researcher

Two years of battling COVID-19 has been bad news for tuberculosis (TB) programmes. Respiratory clinicians and researchers have had their time and focus directed elsewhere. And TB has taken advantage. In 2021, the number of TB deaths rose for the first time in over a decade. The barriers caused by lockdowns and overstretched healthcare systems […]

The next pandemic is already happening – targeted disease surveillance can help prevent it

The next pandemic is already happening – targeted disease surveillance can help prevent it

BiomedicineMedicine

By Invited Researcher

As more and more people around the world are getting vaccinated, one can almost hear the collective sigh of relief. But the next pandemic threat is likely already making its way through the population right now. My research as an infectious disease epidemiologist has found that there is a simple strategy to mitigate emerging outbreaks: […]

3 medical innovations fueled by COVID-19 that will outlast the pandemic

3 medical innovations fueled by COVID-19 that will outlast the pandemic

Computer scienceGeneticsHealthMedicineMolecular biologyPharmacy

By Invited Researcher

A number of technologies and tools got a chance to prove themselves for the first time in the context of COVID-19. Three researchers working in gene-based vaccines, wearable diagnostics and drug discovery explain how their work rose to the challenge of the pandemic, and their hopes that each technology is now poised to continue making […]

STOP the STOP in cancer: evading pathogenic premature translation termination of tumor suppressors

STOP the STOP in cancer: evading pathogenic premature translation termination of tumor suppressors

BiomedicineMedicineMolecular biology

By Invited Researcher

Inherited or somatic mutations targeting genes which encode essential cell growth regulatory proteins favor the emergence of cancer. Cells carrying these mutations acquire growing and survival advantages that trigger the emergence of the tumor. A large number of tumor-associated mutations, as well as many mutations found in the germline of hereditary cancer patients, are single-nucleotide […]

Multiscale mathematical models for glioma progression

Multiscale mathematical models for glioma progression

BiomedicineMathematicsMedicine

By BCAM

Gliomas are the most prevalent subtype of primary brain tumours originating from mutations of the glia cells in the central nervous system. Gliomas are characterized by fast cell growth, strong invasion capability, and well-developed tumour vasculature. Although research and clinical trials have allowed significant progress in the comprehension and treatment of gliomas, they still have […]