Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC) is a singular research center born in 2000 devoted to research at the cutting edge in the fields of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science. Since its conception DIPC has stood for the promotion of excellence in research, which demands a flexible space where creativity is stimulated by diversity of perspectives. Its dynamic research community integrates local host scientists and a constant flow of international visiting researchers.
José R. Alonso has a PhD in Neurobiology and is professor of Cell Biology at the University of Salamanca. He has been researcher and visiting professor at the University of Frankfurt/Main and the University of Kiel, in Germany, and the University of California, Davis and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, in the United States. He has authored more than 145 articles in peer-reviewed journals and written 20 books including university textbooks and popular science for both adults and children.
Jesús Zamora holds PhDs in Philosophy (1993) and Economics (2001). Professor of Philosophy of Science and Director of the master's program on Science Communication and Journalism at UNED. Prolific author.
José Luis Ferreira is an Associate Professor at the Economics Department in Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. He studied Economics at the University of the Basque Country and obtained his PhD at Northwestern University. He has worked also at the University of Pennsylvania, ITAM and Chapman University. His main research interests are Game Theory, Experimental Economics and Economic Methodology. His publications include articles in the Journal of Economic Theory, Games and Economic Behavior, BE Journal of Theoretical Economics, Economics and Philosophy, and Analysis. He is a member of ARP-Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico (Society for the advancement of critical thinking).
Santiago Perez-Hoyos holds a MSc in Astrophysics and a PhD in Planetary Sciences. Member of the Planetary Sciences Group - UPV/EHU since 2001, he has worked on radiative transfer in giant planets' atmospheres using observations from Hubble Space Telescope and Cassini spacecraft, among others. Currently he also enjoys running the T50 observatory at the Aula EspaZio Gela in Bilbao while still struggling with thick planetary atmospheres.
Daniel Manzano holds a PhD in Physics (Universidad de Granada). After a postdoc at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (Innsbruck) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, he worked also as a postdoc at the Chemistry department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge). He is now Talent Hub researcher at the University of Granada.
Sergio Lainez Vicente has spent more than a decade studying ion channels in research centres across Europe. After getting his PhD in the Sensory Biology lab at the CIPF (Valencia, Spain), he moved to Nijmegen (The Netherlands) as a postdoctoral fellow to work on divalent cation reabsorption in kidney. Studies in pain physiology at University of Cambridge, King's College London, and the Neuroscience and Pain Research Unit Pfizer had in Cambridge (Neusentis) would follow. Recently, he has accepted a senior research associate position at the University of Bristol to get involved in an MRC-funded project aiming to reduce the incidence of sudden death on patients with heart failure.
Daniel Moreno Andrés holds a PhD in Biochemistry. From 2006 to 2009 he developed his predoctoral research at the Nutrient-Mediated Signaling Unit of the Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia-CSIC. Afterwards he was a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology of the University of Ulm (Germany). Currently he is a postdoctoral researcher in The Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute in Tübingen (Germany).
Silvia Román graduated in Physics in 2005 and got her PhD in Materials Physics in 2010 from the University of Valladolid. Since then her research has been focused on polymeric materials, ranging from flame retardant polymers to new composites based on biopolymers, always attending both to the composition-structure-properties relationships and to the impact that all these materials have on the environment.
PhD in Mathematics (Universidad de Cantabria, 2003), associate professor of applied mathematics at the Universidad de Alcalá. His main research interests are Discrete and Computational Geometry, Graph Theory, and their applications to other fields.
Daniel Marino got his PhD in Biological Sciences in the Public University of Navarra (UPNA). After a 5-year postdoctoral period in France he is now an Ikerbasque Reseach Fellow in the Plant Biology and Ecology Department of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). His research is focused on the plant response to environmental changes (biotic and abiotic)
MSc Computer Science (University of Málaga, 1992), MSc Physics (UNED, 1993), PhD Mathematics (University of Málaga, 1998). Associate professor of computer science and artificial intelligence at the faculty of engineering of the University of Málaga. His research interests are applied mathematics and computational physics with a focus on non linear waves.
Rafael Medina is Assistant Professor of Biology at Augustana College (Illinois, USA). He earned his Ph.D. at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and was a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Connecticut. His research experience focuses on the taxonomy, phylogenetics, and phylogenomics of bryophytes, but he is also interested in the broad study of biodiversity and science communication.
Carlos Romá-Mateo holds a PhD in molecular biology. He has worked in signal transduction pathways regulated by protein phosphatases and involved in cell proliferation, glycogen metabolism and protein degradation. He is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Valencia, where he studies the physiopathology of rare diseases in which oxidative stress and epigenetic factors play a crucial role.
Rosa studied Biochemistry at University of Oviedo and, after working for a while in immunology at the Center for Biological Research (CIB) and another brief period of systems biology at the Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG), she eventually got her PhD in systems neurobiology at the Max-Planck-Institute of Neurobiology in Munich. Her research deals with neuronal plasticity in mouse visual cortex and big 2-photon microscopes.
Carlos Casanueva is an Assistant Professor in Rail Vehicle Technology at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, and member of the ECO2 Centre for Vehicle Design. He obtained his PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 2010 at the University of Navarra studying the dynamic behaviour of variable gauge wheelsets for high speed trains, and studied the optimization of wheel profiles for freight vehicles during his postdoctoral period at KTH. His main research interests are wheel and rail damage, active suspension systems and improvement of freight operations focused on sustainability.
Jorge Mejías received his MSc in Physics and PhD in Computational neuroscience from the University of Granada. After working as a postdoc at the Centre for Neural Dynamics of the University of Ottawa (Canada) he is currently at the Center for Neural Science of New York University.
Isabel Pérez-Castro obtained her PhD in chemistry at the University of Santiago de Compostela where she completed her thesis on the synthesis of non-natural nucleosides. She then moved to the UK where she has worked in tuberculosis drug discovery at the University of Cambridge, as well as in cancer drug research at Queen Mary, University of London and the Bart's Institute of Cancer. She is now focused on new drug discovery at Magnus Life Science, associated to the Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research - UCL.
European Joint Doctorate on Theoretical Chemistry and Chemistry Modelling (ITN-EJD-TCCM). The objective of the doctorate is to prepare authentic research leaders, who should not only be able to develop and use multidisciplinary computational techniques (methods and software), but also solid communication skills.
Ignacio is a science writer based in São Paulo, Brazil. He graduated in Biochemistry and holds a PhD in Molecular Biology. He likes to think of science as part of a complex puzzle rather than a silver bullet.
Fran Hernández Heras graduated in physics and mathematics at the University of Valladolid. He then completed a PhD in Zoology in the University of Cambridge, as a member of Trinity College. Currently, he does research on collective behaviour in the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisbon.
Jaime de Juan-Sanz holds an M.Sc. in Molecular Biomedicine from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and a Ph.D. in Molecular Neurobiology obtained at Centro de Biología Molecular “Severo Ochoa” (CBMSO). He is currently a postdoctoral associate at Weill Cornell Medical College (Cornell University) in New York City where he is investigating the molecular basis of synaptic transmission, studying biophysical aspects of synaptic biology. He is also interested in encouraging open science in our society promoting open access research and science outreach.
Graduated in Physics by the University of Oviedo (Spain) and currently a PhD student at the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain) and a member of the Institute of Theoretical Physics of the Spanish Research Council (IFT, UAM-CSIC). He works in the area of Quantum Field Theories in curved space-times and General Relativity, currently studying the gravitational effect of the Higgs field in the context of the Dark Energy problem.
The Nuclear Receptors in Cancer, Metabolism and inflammation network
Currently he is assistant professor at the Department of Engineering of the University of Almería. Until 2012 he taught as a Lecturer at the University of Málaga (Spain), where he also received the European PhD and the M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering in 2009 and 2005, respectively. His research interests include mobile robotics, estimation theory and computer vision.
PhD in chemistry (1986 University of Warsaw, Poland). More than 30 years of research experience in ETH Zürich (Switzerland), University of Uppsala (Sweden), University of Grenoble (France), Jackson State University (USA), Fukuoka University (Japan), UPMC Univ Paris (France). He joined the Faculty of Chemistry at the UPV-EHU and Donostia International Physics Center as Ikerbasque Research Professor in 2009. His main interests are intermolecular interactions and crystal structures. Member of the editorial boards of Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry and Computational & Theoretical Chemistry.
José Viosca is a science communicator. After completing a PhD in Neuroscience, he investigated as a postdoctoral fellow in the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. He was later an editor in a science education journal, and now, a freelance science writer.
Víctor completed his degree on physics at Universidad de Valencia in 2013, and is currently finishing his master studies. He is also collaborating with the NEXT experiment, an experiment to test the nature of the neutrino. As a side project he is starting a career in science divulgation.
Pablo Ortiz graduated in Pharmacy from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and received an MSc in Synthetic and Industrial Chemistry from the same university. He then moved to the Netherlands where he received a PhD in Synthetic Organic Chemistry from the University of Groningen. He is currently biopolymer and bioaromatics researcher at the Belgium Institute for Technological Research (Vito)
MSc (2005) and PhD (2010) in Mechanical Engineering, working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Mechanics Department of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm. My research interests within the field of fluid mechanics are multiphase flows and turbulence modeling.
Guzmán Sánchez holds an MSc in Genetic Analysis and a PhD in Molecular Biology. He has worked as a researcher in Spain, England, Canada and Germany. In November 2014 he co-founded Scienseed, a multifunctional agency for science communication. As part of his activity, he is constantly exploring different approaches to disseminate scientific findings and to critically assess how they meet societal needs.
Sergio P. Acebrón got his PhD in Biochemistry in the University of the Basque Country (Bilbao-Spain). Currently he is a researcher at the German Cancer Research Center (Heidelberg-Germany). His research is focused in a specific cell communication process named "Wnt signaling" that is essential during embryogenesis and, when misregulated, can lead to cancer. Sergio is co-author of the essay book "Actúa" and has contributed to different Spanish newspapers, Science TV programs and online blogs.
Itziar Laka graduated in basque philology (UPV/EHU) and received a PhD in linguistics and philosophy from MIT. After five years as assistant professor at the University of Rochester, she is now full professor at the Department of Linguistics and Basque Studies and director of The Bilingual Mind research group at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Her current research combines theoretical linguistics and experimental methods from psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics to inquire into the neural representation and processing of language, with a strong focus on syntax and bilingualism.
Carlos Shahbazi holds degrees in physics (Complutense University) and mathematics (UNED) and completed his PhD at the Institute for Theoretical Physics UAM-CSIC after being a long term visitor at the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. Following a period at the Institut de Physique Théorique CEA-Saclay currently he is a Humboldt fellow at the Mathematics Department of Hamburg University
PhD (1985) in Biology, Professor of Microbiology (University of Navarra, Pamplona). He was postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Molecular & Cellular Biology (University of California - Berkeley) and at the Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology (University of Columbia, Missouri). His interests are the animal and human brucellosis with emphasis on the genetic and phenotypic characterization of virulence factors, the construction of new live vaccines and the development of new molecular techniques for diagnosis and typing of Brucella.
Adrià Rofes holds a PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience (International Doctorate for Experimental Approaches to Language and Brain) and a MSc in Clinical Linguistics (Erasmus Mundus in Clinical Linguistics). He is an Atlantic Fellow at the Global Brain Health Institue and works at Trinity College Dublin (Ireland) and Johns Hopkins University (USA).
Raúl Delgado-Morales holds a PhD in Neuroscience. He completed his doctoral studies at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona working on the field of epigenetics on depression. After that and thanks to a Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship, he continued his research as a postdoc at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich, focused on Alzheimer’s disease. After 4 years in Germany, currently works as a postdoctoral researcher at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), in Barcelona (Spain) on the field of neuroepigenomics.
Isabel de la Fuente graduated in Physics at the University of Valladolid and completed her PhD at the University of Twente (The Netherlands). Currently, she works as Applications Engineer for the semiconductor industry in The Netherlands. She combines her job with several activities related to communication of science and technology.
Laura completed her PhD in Biochemistry at the Institute for Molecular Bioscience at the University of Queensland (Australia) in 2011. In January 2012 she started working as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Zurich (Switzerland). She is passionate about Science Communication and has collaborated in several science outreach projects.
F Javier Carmona Sanz got a Biology degree after completing his studies at University of Navarre and Autonoma of Madrid. He holds a Ph.D. in Molecular Biology obtained at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), in Barcelona, were he focused on uncovering epigenetic defects associated with human cancer. He is currently a postdoctoral research fellow at Memorial Sloan-Kettering in New York, where he is investigating the mechanisms of acquired resistance of breast cancer patients to HER2-targetted therapy. He is also interested on science management and dissemination, aiming to make society participating on the scientific progress.
Patricia Teixidor holds a PhD in Primate Vocal Communication from the University of St. Andrews (1996). She has conducted research with both wild and captive primates (chimpanzees and spider monkeys) and her main interests focus on the function and meaning of primate calls, the evolution of culture and primate conservation. She is a freelance editor and has translated from english into spanish a large number of non-fiction books.
MSc in Chemistry and Biochemistry, has worked as a researcher in the field of atmospheric pollution, technician in a research centre dedicated to biomaterials and translator, among others. Currently she is learning Java and exploring the applications of the new technologies in the area of Science Communication.
Eva Ferreira is a Full Professor at the Econometrics and Statistical Department at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). She graduated in Mathematics there, got her master's in Probability and Statistics at the Courant Institute (New York University) and earned his PhD at UPV/EHU. Her main research interests are related with stochastic processes, theory and applications.
MSc Industrial Engineering (Universidad de Navarra, 2009); Ph.D. Computer Science (UPV/EHU, 2016). Currently, he is a lecturer and a researcher at the University of the Basque Country. His research interests include mechanical systems modelling, control engineering and robotics.
PhD in Physics (Complutense University of Madrid, Spain), Daniel García has worked as a seismologist at UNAM (Mexico), the US Geological Survey, and the Global Earthquake Model initiative, understanding earthquake ground motions and improving PAGER, a system that estimates the human and economic loss in the aftermath of an earthquake. He collaborates with outreach projects and mass media in Spain, Mexico, Argentina, and the USA, sharing his passion for Earth.
After obtaining his PhD in the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Ion Errea worked for two years in the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) in Paris, France, as a postdoctoral fellow. The theoretical study of materials from first-principles calculations is his main line of research. He currently continues developing his research at the Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC).
Pablo Bernabeu studied English Philology at Autonomous University of Madrid, with minors in Cognitive Linguistics and Translation. He enjoyed full-year exchanges at University of Jyväskylä, Finland, and University of Barcelona, and taught Spanish for six months in Kaunas, Lithuania. He then moved to the Netherlands for a research master’s in Psycholinguistics at the universities of Radboud and Tilburg, and he’s now conducting his thesis research at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen. His interests concern language, specifically conceptual representation, the give-and-take between perception and abstraction, and evolution.
Pablo Rodríguez-Sánchez holds a MSc in physics by Complutense University of Madrid. Currently, he's enrolled as PhD Candidate at CRITICS doctoral training network. Most of the year he works at Wageningen UR, The Netherlands.
Helena Matute holds a PhD in Psychology and is currently a full professor of Psychology at the University of Deusto (Bilbao, Spain), where she is the Director of the Experimental Psychology Laboratory. She has worked as invited researcher at the universities of Minnesota (USA), Gent (Belgium), Sydney (Australia) and Queensland (Australia). Her research interests include associative learning, causal learning, causal illusions and cognitive biases.
PhD Researcher in Molecular Biology of Viruses at National Center for Microbiology (Madrid, Spain). Co-founder of the Scientific Network "Feelsynapsis" Founder and Editor in Chief of "Journal of Feelsynapsis"
David Jiménez Torres is a PhD student in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Cambridge. His project is funded by the Gates Cambridge Trust. His main research interests are contemporary Spanish literature, culture and history, and how they link to their European context. He has also worked in journalism, translation, and fiction.
Moisés García-Arencibia holds a PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Universidad Complutense Madrid). After some years as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Cambridge, he now investigates neurodegenerative diseases at the UCM-UPM joint research campus in Madrid.
Marisa Alonso Núñez is pharmacist and biochemist and has a PhD in molecular microbiology and genetics. She has been working as a research scientist at the Paterson Institute for Cancer Research in Manchester (UK) the past few years and she is currently working in the bi-centenarian Pharmacy Núñez in Astorga (Spain)
Adela Torres studied Biology, specializing in Biochemistry. After finishing her degree, she was a participant in the Arabidopsis thaliana Genome Sequencing Project, and after getting a fellowship from Fundación La Caixa spent five years researching DNA mismatch repair in plants at Oregon State University. Even though she doesn't work in research anymore, science is still her main passion.
Gerardo Cebrián-Torrejón studied Pharmacy and Biochemistry at the Universities of Valencia and Leeds and obtained his PhD at the University Paris 11. Currently, he is postdoctoral researcher at the University Federal Fulminense (Brazil). His research interests focus on natural products, in particular total synthesis, pharmaceutical chemistry and more recently electrochemistry
Paola Vega studied Physics at the University of Oviedo (Spain) with 1-year specialization in Atomic and Molecular Physics. Afterwards she began her work on plasma based techniques for spectroscopic characterization of solid materials, which nowadays conforms her PhD thesis.
Ricardo Molero-Simarro is professor at the IAEU and a researcher at the Department of Applied Economics I of the University Complutense of Madrid (UCM). He is about to complete his PhD on China's economy. He has authored or co-authored several papers in peer-reviewed journals and co-edited a number of books, most of them related to economic development and income inequality issues.
Jon graduated in Humanities and Communication (HUCO) at Deusto University in San Sebastián, and now is completing a Social Anthropology degree at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).
Pablo Barrecheguren obtained his Ph.D. in biomedicine from IRB (U. Barcelona) in 2014. He is involved in science communication since then.
PhD in Physics (1998, Univ. Barcelona) and Postdoc at Free University of Amsterdam (1999-2004). Currently staff researcher at ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona.
Mario Reig is a PhD candidate in theoretical physics at IFIC
MSc in Mechanical Engineering by the University of Navarra, Spain. Currently he is a PhD candidate in Mechanical Engineering at the department of Integrative Bioscience and Engineering at Waseda University, Tokyo, where he works as Associate Researcher. His research interests are: medical robotics, soft tissue modeling, intelligent control and underactuated robotics.
Estibaliz Urarte obtained her PhD on Plant Physiology from the Public University of Navarre. Since 2014 she operates a science divulgation platform, “El Jardín de Mendel”. Currently, she is in charge of the Science section in a local cultural magazine and continues performing tasks related to the dissemination of science.
Laura is a physicist with a International PhD in Biomedicine from the University of Barcelona. She is currently working at the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC, Barcelona) combining research with Science Communication and Outreach. She has participated in several scientific fairs and outreach activities and she is now studying for a Master's in Science Communication at UPF.
Tomás Ruiz-Lara is a researcher at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
Miguel Vizoso is a Ph.D. student at the Cancer Epigenetics and Molecular Biology Program (PEBC), IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
Rocío Pérez Benavente is a science writer
Rita Carlos is a Post Doc fellow at the Instituto Gulbenkian Ciência in Portugal. Her main interest is to understand how DNA repair mechanism impact on different diseases. Rita did her PhD at the University of Oxford and this focused on the role of DNA damage responses in maintaining genomic stability and preventing tumorigenesis. Currently she is exploring the impact of the DNA damage response on the pathogenesis of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
I am a staff scientist at the Institute of Heritage Sciences (Incipit), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), where I lead a co-research line in software engineering and cultural heritage. The ultimate goal of my work is to develop the necessary theories, methodologies and technologies to help ascribe meaning to the information that is managed in the cultural heritage realm. Previously I have worked at a number of public and private organisations in Spain and Australia, both in industry and academia, and in the fields of conceptual modelling, metamodelling and situational method engineering. I am an elected member of the steering committee of the Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) Association, and I have authored or co-authored over 100 publications.
Eduardo Oliver graduated in Pharmacy and got a PhD in Pharmacology at the University of Valencia. Currently he is a research associate at the Centre for Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Imperial College London (UK). His major interest is to better understand cardiovascular diseases and the use of genetics for finding new therapeutic targets.
Manuel San Martín holds a M.Sc. in microbiology.
Daniel Fernández completed his Ph.D. at the University of Barcelona. He has been a postdoc fellow at the Center for Theoretical Physics in Crete and currently holds a postdoc position at the Max Planck Institut for Physics in Munich. His research focuses on the gauge/string theory correspondence and its applications to high energy physics and condensed matter physics.
Eva got her Ph.D in microbiology from Humboldt University of Berlin. Now she works for Abcam, a supplier of protein research tools to life scientists, in Cambridge (UK).
Aroa Pache holds an International PhD by the University of the Basque Country (June, 2014). Her PhD research project, part of it done at the University of Melbourne (Australia), was related to the synthesis, chemical characterization and structural studies of new hybrid systems based on Keggin type polyoxometalates (POM) and copper complexes with N,O- chelating ligands. She would like to expand her professional horizons by seeking new challenges and objectives.
holds an M.Sc. in Biotechnology from Università degli Studi di Bari (Italy). He moved to Barcelona to pursue his Ph.D. at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), in Barcelona, where he uncovered key mechanisms of mammary stem cell differentiation and tumor initiation. He is currently a Postdoctoral scholar at the Gladstone Institutes in San Francisco where he is investigating the lysosome network in several neurodegenerative diseases.
Manuel Tardáguila studied Biochemistry in the Autonomous University of Madrid and took a PhD in Molecular Biology afterwards. His main research interests are tumor immunology, breast cancer stem cells and epigenetics. His scientific heroes are the “Fantastic Threesome”: Francis Crick, Sidney Brenner and Barbara McClintock. Be careful! He has been seen in the 2013 Famelab monologue contest and he may appear in your city as part of the group of scientist-stand-up-comedians The Big Van Theory!
Physics PhD (U. Autónoma de Madrid, 1991), Associate professor at U. Pública de Navarra. His (main) research interests are photonic materials and assistive technology.
Oskar González-Mendia got his PhD from the University of the Basque Country. Since 2015 he works as a Chemistry lecturer at the faculties of Science and Technology and Fine Arts of that University. From 2013 to 2015, he enjoyed a Post-Doctoral research grant from the Basque Country Government at Leiden University.
BCAM, The Basque Centre for Applied Mathematics, is the research center on applied mathematics created with the support of the Basque Government and the University of the Basque Country. It performs interdisciplinary research in the frontiers of mathematics, training and attracting talented scientists in the process.
Carlos Rueda Díez is a postdoctoral research scientist at Columbia University. His research interests are neurobiology and bioenergetics.
Nacho Alvarez holds a PhD in Economics from the Complutense University of Madrid. He currently works as Assistant Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Valladolid (UVA). He is also Research Associate at the Complutense Institute of International Studies (ICEI).