Category archives: Science

Strong coupling between propagating phonon polaritons and organic molecules observed for the first time

Strong coupling between propagating phonon polaritons and organic molecules observed for the first time

Condensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

The so-called van der Waals materials consist of two-dimensional layers bound by weak van der Waals forces. After the isolation of graphene, the field of two-dimensional van der Waals materials has experienced an explosive growth and new families of two-dimensional systems and block-layered bulk materials have been created. This growth has been fuelled mainly by […]

Magnetism in graphene nanoribbons induced by a pair of boron atoms

Magnetism in graphene nanoribbons induced by a pair of boron atoms

Condensed matterDIPC Advanced materialsDIPC Electronic PropertiesMaterials

By DIPC

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), are strips of graphene with ultra-thin width (<50 nm). Graphene ribbons, introduced as a theoretical model by Mitsutaka Fujita and coauthors to examine the edge and nanoscale size effect in graphene, have emerged as a promising material for nano electronics, as they combine many of the extraordinary properties of graphene with a […]

Rare events and time crystals

Rare events and time crystals

Physics

By Instituto Carlos I

The concept of crystal is very old, and it is strongly related to symmetries. Basically, a crystal is a system with a repeated pattern through space. For instance, in ice the water molecules form a hexagonal pattern, giving rise to many different macroscopic forms. But, can it happen that a system presents a pattern not […]

How can we improve the communication between mathematics and life sciences?

How can we improve the communication between mathematics and life sciences?

BiologyMathematicsSociology

By Pablo Rodríguez Sánchez

Preamble In the period 2015-2019, I was hired as a mathematician by a biology department in order to perform a research that eventually would become my doctoral thesis. This text is adapted from the last chapter of that thesis, “Cycles and interactions: A mathematician among biologists” (full text available here). The symbiosis between mathematics and […]

Desorption as a first-order phase transition

Desorption as a first-order phase transition

ChemistryCondensed matterDIPC PolymersPhysics

By DIPC

Adsorption commonly is understood as the reversible binding of molecules and atoms from the gaseous or liquid phase on surfaces, mostly of highly porous adsorbent media. In chemisorption a single layer of molecules, atoms or ions is attached to the adsorbent surface by chemical bonds; in physisorption only van der Waals forces are involved. Adsorption […]

How to treat Parkinson’s with astrocytes

How to treat Parkinson’s with astrocytes

MedicineNeuroscience

By Rosa García-Verdugo

Parkinson’s disease is characterized by neuronal loss in the brain’s substantia nigra region. What if another cell type, namely, astrocytes, could replace them? The work of two research groups recently published Zhou, H. et al. Cell 181, 590–603.e16 (2020). shows that, at least in mice, transforming astrocytes (a non-neuronal cell type in the brain) into […]

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, <i>ab initio</i> calculations included

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, ab initio calculations included

Condensed matterDIPC Advanced materialsMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Topological materials have special universal properties, which are protected against perturbations. Such properties are theoretically described by topology, a branch of mathematics concerned with the properties of geometrical objects that are unchanged by continuous deformations. Topological materials behave like an ordinary insulator in the bulk but have conducting states on their boundaries, i.e., edges or […]

Major drivers of genetic differentiation in Iberian <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>

Major drivers of genetic differentiation in Iberian Arabidopsis thaliana

MathematicsPlant biology

By BCAM

Populations are not static, and the geographic distribution of genetic diversity within and among populations is changing continuously. The drivers of genetic differentiation is one of the cornerstones in evolution, as genetic diversity is paramount for the ability of populations to adapt and persist in changing environments. The spatio-temporal changes in genetic diversity constantly taking […]