Category archives: Humanities & Social Sciences

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (11):  On ancient science and scientific progress, or Artemidorus’ dream

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (11): On ancient science and scientific progress, or Artemidorus’ dream

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

Just to take stock of what we have encountered in the previous entries of this series, regarding the ideas of contemporary philosophy of science than can find some kind of ‘ancestor’ in the works of ancient ‘philosophers’, we can mention Plato’s and Aristotle’s discussion about what are the essential differences and relationships between ‘scientific’ and […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10):  From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10): From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

According to the traditional myth, mentioned in passing in the first entry of this series, contemporary philosophy of science would have started in the post-WWI Vienna, when a group of young philosophers and scientists, under the heading of Moritz Schlick, attempted to show how scientific knowledge could be unambiguously derived from observational data (or at […]

First human-monkey embryos created – a small step towards a huge ethical problem

First human-monkey embryos created – a small step towards a huge ethical problem

BiotechnologyEthics

By Invited Researcher

Scientists have created the world’s first monkey embryos containing human cells in an attempt to investigate how the two types of cell develop alongside each other. The embryos, which were derived from a macaque and then injected with human stem cells in the lab, were allowed to grow for 20 days before being destroyed. We […]

Archaeology in West Africa could rewrite the textbooks on human evolution

Archaeology in West Africa could rewrite the textbooks on human evolution

AnthropologyArchaeology

By Invited Researcher

Our species, Homo sapiens, rose in Africa some 300,000 years ago. The objects that early humans made and used, known as the Middle Stone Age material culture, are found throughout much of Africa and include a vast range of innovations. Among them are bow and arrow technology, specialised tool forms, the long-distance transport of objects […]

Horses can recognise themselves in a mirror

Horses can recognise themselves in a mirror

EthologyNeurosciencePhilosophy of science

By Invited Researcher

If you ask people to list the most intelligent animals, they’ll name a few usual suspects. Chimpanzees, dolphins and elephants are often mentioned, as are crows, dogs and occasionally pigs. Horses don’t usually get a look in. So it might come as a surprise that horses possess an unusual skill, widely considered an indicator of […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (9):  Epicurus’ vessel and the origin of empiricism

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (9): Epicurus’ vessel and the origin of empiricism

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

One fascinating, as well as disconcerting fact about the evolution of Greek thought about science is that, almost immediately after the end of the ‘Classical’ period of philosophy, and particularly after Aristotle’s founding work on both philosophy and science, these two activities seemed to follow two radically separate courses. Actually, Greek science achieved its peak […]