Category archives: Philosophy of science

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10):  From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10): From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

According to the traditional myth, mentioned in passing in the first entry of this series, contemporary philosophy of science would have started in the post-WWI Vienna, when a group of young philosophers and scientists, under the heading of Moritz Schlick, attempted to show how scientific knowledge could be unambiguously derived from observational data (or at […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (8):  In search of the first principles

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (8): In search of the first principles

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

Besides being one of the main pioneers of scientific thought, Aristotle is the author of the work that can unquestionably be considered the first book explicitly and exclusively devoted to what we can call ‘philosophy of science’. This small book is known by the rather insipid name of Posterior Analytics (Ἀναλυτικὰ ὑστέρων), though, as in […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (5):  What a beautiful world!

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (5): What a beautiful world!

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

We shall conclude with this entry our discussion of Plato’s view of science, the main conclusions of the two former ones being, in the first place, the idea that ‘scientific knowledge’ (epistēmē) consists in the knowledge of eternal, intelligible Forms, whereas material things are imperfect copies of the former, and only graspable with an imperfect […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (2):  Is there a doctor on board?

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (2): Is there a doctor on board?

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

I would like to think that the first work devoted to something that we might call ‘the problem of scientific method’ was written by Democritus (around 460-370 BC), the author the philosophical systems of Plato and Aristotle were constructed against, and whose ideas were so revolutionary that it seems that nobody in the last centuries […]