Category archives: Philosophy of science

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (11):  On ancient science and scientific progress, or Artemidorus’ dream

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (11): On ancient science and scientific progress, or Artemidorus’ dream

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

Just to take stock of what we have encountered in the previous entries of this series, regarding the ideas of contemporary philosophy of science than can find some kind of ‘ancestor’ in the works of ancient ‘philosophers’, we can mention Plato’s and Aristotle’s discussion about what are the essential differences and relationships between ‘scientific’ and […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10):  From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (10): From logical stoicism to logical positivism.

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

According to the traditional myth, mentioned in passing in the first entry of this series, contemporary philosophy of science would have started in the post-WWI Vienna, when a group of young philosophers and scientists, under the heading of Moritz Schlick, attempted to show how scientific knowledge could be unambiguously derived from observational data (or at […]

Horses can recognise themselves in a mirror

Horses can recognise themselves in a mirror

EthologyNeurosciencePhilosophy of science

By Invited Researcher

If you ask people to list the most intelligent animals, they’ll name a few usual suspects. Chimpanzees, dolphins and elephants are often mentioned, as are crows, dogs and occasionally pigs. Horses don’t usually get a look in. So it might come as a surprise that horses possess an unusual skill, widely considered an indicator of […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (9):  Epicurus’ vessel and the origin of empiricism

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (9): Epicurus’ vessel and the origin of empiricism

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

One fascinating, as well as disconcerting fact about the evolution of Greek thought about science is that, almost immediately after the end of the ‘Classical’ period of philosophy, and particularly after Aristotle’s founding work on both philosophy and science, these two activities seemed to follow two radically separate courses. Actually, Greek science achieved its peak […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (8):  In search of the first principles

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (8): In search of the first principles

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

Besides being one of the main pioneers of scientific thought, Aristotle is the author of the work that can unquestionably be considered the first book explicitly and exclusively devoted to what we can call ‘philosophy of science’. This small book is known by the rather insipid name of Posterior Analytics (Ἀναλυτικὰ ὑστέρων), though, as in […]

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (5):  What a beautiful world!

The ‘prehistory’ of philosophy of science (5): What a beautiful world!

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

We shall conclude with this entry our discussion of Plato’s view of science, the main conclusions of the two former ones being, in the first place, the idea that ‘scientific knowledge’ (epistēmē) consists in the knowledge of eternal, intelligible Forms, whereas material things are imperfect copies of the former, and only graspable with an imperfect […]