Author archives: DIPC

Metal atoms enhance quantum dot coupling in metal-organic nanoporous networks

Metal atoms enhance quantum dot coupling in metal-organic nanoporous networks

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

A quantum dot (QD) is a nanometric crystalline structure of semiconductor materials. In a QD electrons are confined in a region of space, thus creating a well defined structure of energy levels that depends very much on the size and shape of the quantum dot. This structure resembles that of atoms, that is why sometimes […]

Flavin bioorthogonal photocatalysis mechanism

Flavin bioorthogonal photocatalysis mechanism

Chemistry

By DIPC

A catalyst is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change. As the catalyst itself takes part in the reaction it may undergo a physical change. Metal complexes are typically regarded as catalysts that convert organic substrates into more valuable compounds; however, to date, catalytic transformations […]

Tracking the tautomerization of a single molecule in space and time

Tracking the tautomerization of a single molecule in space and time

ChemistryCondensed matterNanotechnology

By DIPC

There are chemical compounds, called isomers, that have the same molecular formulae but different molecular structures or different arrangements of atoms in space. In constitutional isomerism the molecules have different molecular structures: i.e., they may be different types of compound, or they may simply differ in the position of the functional group in the molecule […]

An additional contribution to the spin Hall effect induced by an electric current

An additional contribution to the spin Hall effect induced by an electric current

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

The interactions between moving charges and magnetic fields can be quite complicated; more if we consider the quantum effects. One example is the collection of Hall effects. Imagine that we have a conductor or a semiconductor through which a current is flowing. Then we apply a strong transverse magnetic field. As a result, we can […]

Quantum atomic fluctuations stabilize the crystal responsible for superconductivity at 250 K

Quantum atomic fluctuations stabilize the crystal responsible for superconductivity at 250 K

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Achieving room temperature superconductivity is among the most pursued but elusive goals of scientists. In December 2014 researchers claimed to have observed superconductivity as high as 200 K in hydrogen sulfide at high pressure, breaking all the records thus far. This meant that cuprates could be knocked from their position as the highest temperature superconductors […]

A local quantum emitter can be used to sense the environment of a molecule with the minimal quantum of energy

A local quantum emitter can be used to sense the environment of a molecule with the minimal quantum of energy

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

Plasmonic nanostructures confine light to dimensions far smaller than the free-space wavelength, as they mix optical fields with electronic excitations. It was not until the 1990s, with the appearance of accurate and reliable nanofabrication techniques, that plasmonics blossomed. It was found then that local fields around nanostructures could be directly measured by near-field scanning optical […]

Large multi-directional spin-to-charge conversion in a low symmetry semimetal at room temperature

Large multi-directional spin-to-charge conversion in a low symmetry semimetal at room temperature

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

Symmetry is a unifying principle that governs all aspects of physics. The physical properties of crystalline solids are no different. But, as symmetry is progressively lowered through the 32 crystallographic point groups, novel transport effects emerge. Crystal symmetry dictates also the geometry of a phenomenon that has attracted a lot of attention in recent years […]