MI weekly selection #16

Don't try this one: Professor Peter Higgs with a description of the Higgs model.

Our metastable universe

Under the simplest assumptions, the measured mass of the Higgs could mean the universe is eventually unstable and destined to fall apart.

Scientific American

 

Could flow batteries back up electric grids?

To power flow batteries, two aqueous electrolytes held in different tanks are pumped through a membrane into a separate chamber, causing a chemical reaction that produces electrons. The batteries’ size – they can be as big as shipping containers – and ability to store large amounts of energy make them well suited to smoothing out the variable supply of wind, solar and other renewable energies. Flow batteries may be more cost-effective in the long run and safer to manage than lithium-ion batteries, they’re also expensive and difficult to maintain. However, manufacturers are confident that with additional testing, they’ll be able to soon introduce them to the mainstream.

New Scientist

 

Social seclusion leads to a shorter life

Isolation from people can be an indication of greater risk of illness and a shorter lifespan, according to research published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. While experts have known that social isolation and feelings of loneliness can add to the risk of getting sick or dying earlier, this study is the first to link social isolation — regardless of loneliness — and an earlier death. “When you’re socially isolated, you not only lack companionship in many cases, but you may also lack advice and support from people,” said study leader Andrew Steptoe.

Nature News

Steptoe, A., Shankar, A., Demakakos, P. & Wardle (2013) Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women PNAS http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1219686110

 

Why males may care for others’ offspring

Male animals are more likely to care for offspring that isn’t theirs, so long as the caretaking doesn’t interfere with their own reproduction and the likelihood of infidelity is low. The analysis of several animal studies found that taking care of other offspring is more common than believed, but was also dependent on whether the male’s mate had been faithful or not. It was found that cuckolded males were 12% less likely to look after their offspring than other males.

LiveScience

Griffin AS, Alonzo SH, Cornwallis CK (2013) Why Do Cuckolded Males Provide Paternal Care? PLoS Biol 11(3): e1001520. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001520

 

 

Asteroids got craters from same event as the moon

The shower of space rocks that gave our moon its craters about 4 billion years ago — known as the Late Heavy Bombardment — also hit the giant asteroid Vesta, a discovery that scientists say opens up new opportunities for them to study this time period. The research by NASA’s Lunar Science Institute helps support the theory that the lunar cataclysm occurred when Jupiter shifted slightly in its orbit, sending smaller space rocks out of their positions.

Popular Science

S. Marchi, W. F. Bottke, B. A. Cohen, K. Wünnemann, D. A. Kring, H. Y. McSween, M. C. De Sanctis, D. P. O’Brien, P. Schenk, C. A. Raymond & C. T. Russell (2013) High-velocity collisions from the lunar cataclysm recorded in asteroidal meteorites Nature Geoscience DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1769

 

 

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