Category archives: Technology

Strong coupling between propagating phonon polaritons and organic molecules observed for the first time

Strong coupling between propagating phonon polaritons and organic molecules observed for the first time

Condensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

The so-called van der Waals materials consist of two-dimensional layers bound by weak van der Waals forces. After the isolation of graphene, the field of two-dimensional van der Waals materials has experienced an explosive growth and new families of two-dimensional systems and block-layered bulk materials have been created. This growth has been fuelled mainly by […]

Magnetism in graphene nanoribbons induced by a pair of boron atoms

Magnetism in graphene nanoribbons induced by a pair of boron atoms

Condensed matterDIPC Advanced materialsDIPC Electronic PropertiesMaterials

By DIPC

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), are strips of graphene with ultra-thin width (<50 nm). Graphene ribbons, introduced as a theoretical model by Mitsutaka Fujita and coauthors to examine the edge and nanoscale size effect in graphene, have emerged as a promising material for nano electronics, as they combine many of the extraordinary properties of graphene with a […]

How to treat Parkinson’s with astrocytes

How to treat Parkinson’s with astrocytes

MedicineNeuroscience

By Rosa García-Verdugo

Parkinson’s disease is characterized by neuronal loss in the brain’s substantia nigra region. What if another cell type, namely, astrocytes, could replace them? The work of two research groups recently published Zhou, H. et al. Cell 181, 590–603.e16 (2020). shows that, at least in mice, transforming astrocytes (a non-neuronal cell type in the brain) into […]

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, <i>ab initio</i> calculations included

Magnetic Topological Quantum Chemistry, ab initio calculations included

Condensed matterDIPC Advanced materialsMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Topological materials have special universal properties, which are protected against perturbations. Such properties are theoretically described by topology, a branch of mathematics concerned with the properties of geometrical objects that are unchanged by continuous deformations. Topological materials behave like an ordinary insulator in the bulk but have conducting states on their boundaries, i.e., edges or […]

An intriguing link between Kerker conditions and energy conservation from fundamental principles

An intriguing link between Kerker conditions and energy conservation from fundamental principles

Condensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

A nanoantenna with balanced electric and magnetic dipole moments exhibits a directive radiation pattern with zero backscattering. This is known as the first Kerker condition after Kerker, Wang, and Giles, who predicted in 1983 that, under plane wave illumination, magnetic spheres with equal relative permittivity and permeability radiate no light in the backscattering direction. They […]

The critical role of single atoms on the electronic properties of a metal organic network

The critical role of single atoms on the electronic properties of a metal organic network

ChemistryDIPC InterfacesMaterials

By DIPC

Organic-based materials have gained rising interest as active components in electronics, energy conversion and catalytic systems. However, the discrete nature of the molecular constituents of these systems implies a reduced electron conductance, lowering the device efficiency. In order to increase the electron delocalization through an improved structural order, which favors orbital overlap and consequently the […]

Labeling anticancer gold complexes to study their organ accumulation in vivo

Labeling anticancer gold complexes to study their organ accumulation in vivo

ChemistryDIPC PhotochemistryPharmacy

By DIPC

Auranofin is a gold (Au) salt classified by the World Health Organization as an antirheumatic agent. It was approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in 1985, but is no longer a first-line treatment due to its adverse effects on a long-term basis. But the drug is important in another way. The discovery that auranofin […]

Health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

Health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

MathematicsMedicine

By BCAM

Chronic diseases are already having and will continue to have not only profound economic, social and individual consequences but also a major impact on the use of health resources and design of new care processes. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a case on point. COPD is airflow limitation caused by an inflammatory response to […]