Category archives: Physics

Finite size analogue of a heavy Fermi liquid in an atomic scale Kondo lattice

Finite size analogue of a heavy Fermi liquid in an atomic scale Kondo lattice

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsQuantum physics

By DIPC

The scattering of conduction electrons in metals owing to impurities with magnetic moments is known as the Kondo effect, after Jun Kondo, who analysed the phenomenon in 1964. This scattering increases the electrical resistance and has the consequence that, in contrast to ordinary metals, the resistance reaches a minimum as the temperature is lowered and […]

Hexagonal boron nitride monolayer films can be successfully grown on a curved Ni(1 1 1) substrate

Hexagonal boron nitride monolayer films can be successfully grown on a curved Ni(1 1 1) substrate

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

Since the discovery of graphene, a wide diversity of atomic-layer-thick, two-dimensional (2D) materials with varied properties have emerged. Of particular interest are those that exhibit semiconducting behavior, such as hexagonal boron nitride (hBN). hBN is isoelectronic to graphene and has also a honeycomb lattice formed by alternating nitrogen and boron atoms, but in contrast to […]

Towards advanced room-temperature valleytronic nanodevices.

Towards advanced room-temperature valleytronic nanodevices.

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyPhysics

By DIPC

So-called “valleytronics” is a new type of electronics that could lead to faster and more efficient computer logic systems and data storage chips in next-generation devices. Valley electrons are so named because they carry a valley degree of freedom, a pseudospin. This is a new way to harness electrons for information processing that’s in addition […]

Why SnSe is so thermoelectrically efficient

Why SnSe is so thermoelectrically efficient

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsQuantum physics

By DIPC

With the possible exception of Avogadro’s number, which was in reality defined and made popular by Stanislao Cannizzaro, many things in the sciences are usually named after the person who makes them popular. The Seebeck effect is an example. Originally discovered in 1794 by Alessandro Volta, it is named after Thomas Johann Seebeck, who in […]

Chromatic multiphoton serial microscopy can generate brain-wide atlas-like colour datasets with subcellular resolution

Chromatic multiphoton serial microscopy can generate brain-wide atlas-like colour datasets with subcellular resolution

BiologyBiomedicineComputer scienceNanotechnologyNeurosciencePhysics

By DIPC

In 1873, the microscopist Ernst Abbe stipulated a physical limit for the maximum resolution of traditional optical microscopy: 0.2 micrometers, or 200 nanometers (the shortest wavelength for visible light, the extreme limit of violet). This meant that scientists could distinguish whole cells, as well as some parts of the cell called organelles. However, they would […]

Wildfire propagation modelling

Wildfire propagation modelling

MathematicsPhysics

By BCAM

Wildfires are a major problem with a strong impact on human life, property and the environment, Global warming and a legacy of poor management are the forces behind the increase in their occurrence and in their magnitude measured in extension. In 2017, an unusual number of extensive and severe wildfires occurred in many parts of […]

Avoiding geological timescales to access low energies in bulk glasses

Avoiding geological timescales to access low energies in bulk glasses

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

Common glass, used in windows or bottles, for example, is made by heating a mixture of calcium oxide (lime), sodium carbonate (soda), and silicon (IV) oxide (sand), resulting in a calcium silicate. This silicate is not a crystal but a solid in which atoms are positioned at random and have no long-range ordered pattern. These […]

The role of core electrons in the electronic stopping power of heavy ions

The role of core electrons in the electronic stopping power of heavy ions

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

Spacecraft components potentially exposed to different ionic projectiles in space, new materials used in new energy systems or healthy tissues exposed to cancer therapies are all instances where a full comprehension of how the energy of the incoming ions is dissipated by the matter in the target is of paramount importance. Besides, the dissipative processes […]