Pterosaur ancestry may have an answer
Pterosaurs have been linked to a group of ancient small reptiles called lagerpetids, according to an examination of a variety of fossils from several regions. Lagerpetids, which date back between 237 million and 210 million years ago, share similar traits with pterosaurs, including inner ear shape, longer hand bones and cranial aspects that would have promoted equilibrium and agility, which could have sparked the evolution of flight.
Telescope spots X-ray bubbles emanating from Milky Way
The eROSITA telescope has detected the presence of massive X-ray bubbles coming from the Milky Way. Researchers say the bubbles, located above and below the Milky Way’s center, may be related to the Fermi gamma-ray bubbles, which are nestled inside of the larger structures.
Young ravens’ brain power akin to that of adult apes
Ravens’ intellectual abilities have long been touted, and now researchers have found that juvenile ravens’ brains may be cognitively comparable to those of adult apes. Ravens as young as four months old were given an array of cognitive tests focusing on spatial memory, object permanence, numbers and communication skills, and researchers determined that their cognitive abilities were almost completely developed by that time.
Bees pile feces outside hives to deter murder hornets
Eastern honeybees in Vietnam were observed collecting bits of animal feces from dung piles and a chicken coop, as well as soap scum and human urine, and placing it around hive entrances to ward off Asian giant hornets. Sixty-three of 67 keepers of Eastern honeybees found spots of feces outside their hives after hornet attacks, but none of the keepers of Western honeybees found evidence their bees were employing the defense, and the hives that had defensive mounds were less likely to be attacked again.
Many conversations are lost on dogs
Dogs can understand human speech, but they cannot distinguish between words that sound similar, such as “dog” and “dig”. Electroencephalography revealed that dogs responded to known words and not to nonsense words that sounded different, but they processed known words and similar-sounding words the same.