Category archives: CFM

How to detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay

How to detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay

ChemistryMaterialsParticle physics

By DIPC

A new fluorescent bicolour indicator, an organic molecule, could help detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay. If this is achieved, there would be an explanation to the matter-anti matter asymmetry in the universe. Experiments performed in 1909 by Geiger and Marsden, also called Rutherford gold foil experiment because Rutherford was their […]

Plasmonic nanocrystals-cellulose hybrid

Plasmonic nanocrystals-cellulose hybrid

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

When we consider the variety of possible wonder applications of plasmonic nanoparticles we usually forget a key aspect: how these laboratory results can be transformed into something really usable in everyday life. For that to occur some not-that-simple problems must be resolved first. For example, plasmonic nanoparticles exhibit excellent light-harvesting properties in the visible spectral […]

Second-harmonic generation in a quantum emitter – metallic nanoparticle hybrid

Second-harmonic generation in a quantum emitter – metallic nanoparticle hybrid

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

When two photons with the same energy interact with a nonlinear material, they “combine” and generate a new photon with twice the energy of the initial photons. More precisely, two photons at the fundamental frequency are absorbed by a plasmonic structure to emit one photon at the second-harmonic frequency. This is called second-harmonic generation. Second-harmonic […]

Engineering hybrid graphene nanoribbons with active electronic properties

Engineering hybrid graphene nanoribbons with active electronic properties

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), are strips of graphene with ultra-thin width (<50 nm). Graphene ribbons, introduced as a theoretical model by Mitsutaka Fujita and coauthors to examine the edge and nanoscale size effect in graphene, have emerged as a promising material for nanoelectronics, as they combine many of the extraordinary properties of graphene with a high […]

On-demand spectral response of phonon polaritons in van der Waals materials

On-demand spectral response of phonon polaritons in van der Waals materials

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

In the quantum theory of many-body systems, collective oscillations are called collective excitations. In a quantum context, everything is quantized. Hence, collective excitations become quantized modes because of the cooperative motion of the whole system as a result of interactions between particles. They may be electronic excitations in atoms and are referred excitons. In most […]

Metal atoms enhance quantum dot coupling in metal-organic nanoporous networks

Metal atoms enhance quantum dot coupling in metal-organic nanoporous networks

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

A quantum dot (QD) is a nanometric crystalline structure of semiconductor materials. In a QD electrons are confined in a region of space, thus creating a well defined structure of energy levels that depends very much on the size and shape of the quantum dot. This structure resembles that of atoms, that is why sometimes […]

Flavin bioorthogonal photocatalysis mechanism

Flavin bioorthogonal photocatalysis mechanism

Chemistry

By DIPC

A catalyst is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change. As the catalyst itself takes part in the reaction it may undergo a physical change. Metal complexes are typically regarded as catalysts that convert organic substrates into more valuable compounds; however, to date, catalytic transformations […]

Tracking the tautomerization of a single molecule in space and time

Tracking the tautomerization of a single molecule in space and time

ChemistryCondensed matterNanotechnology

By DIPC

There are chemical compounds, called isomers, that have the same molecular formulae but different molecular structures or different arrangements of atoms in space. In constitutional isomerism the molecules have different molecular structures: i.e., they may be different types of compound, or they may simply differ in the position of the functional group in the molecule […]