Category archives: CFM

Next generation nanoprobes for the microspectroscopic study of biosystems

Next generation nanoprobes for the microspectroscopic study of biosystems

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physics

By DIPC

Nonlinear processes are attractive in microscopy and spectroscopy since they can be excited with light in the near‐infrared, which offers several advantages, from a deep tissue penetration capability or a reduced photodamage due to the lower photon energy, to a spatially more confined probed volume, which can result in an improved lateral resolution. These processes […]

Direct observation of dynamic tube dilation in entangled polymer blends

Direct observation of dynamic tube dilation in entangled polymer blends

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

One of the unique features of the chemistry of carbon (and, to some extent, silicon) is its ability to form long chains of atoms. Polymers are substances that have macromolecules composed of many repeating units (known as ‘mers’). Many naturally occurring substances are polymers, including rubber and many substances based on glucose, such as the […]

The attosecond dynamics underlying the photoelectric effect

The attosecond dynamics underlying the photoelectric effect

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

In 1882, Heinrich Hertz devoted himself to the study of electromagnetism, including the recent and still generally unappreciated work of Maxwell. Two years later he began his famous series of experiments with electromagnetic waves. During the course of this work, Hertz discovered the photoelectric effect, which has had a profound influence on modern physics. The […]

A theory of spin hall magnetoresistance to study magnetism at interfaces

A theory of spin hall magnetoresistance to study magnetism at interfaces

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

The interactions between moving charges and magnetic fields can be quite complicated; more if we consider the quantum effects. One example is the collection of Hall effects. Imagine that we have a conductor or a semiconductor through which a current is flowing. Then we apply a strong transverse magnetic field. As a result, we can […]

The extreme nanophotonics of the plasmonic nanopatch

The extreme nanophotonics of the plasmonic nanopatch

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physics

By DIPC

For centuries, metals were employed in optical applications only as mirrors and gratings. New vistas opened up in the late 1970s and early 1980s with the discovery of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and the use of surface plasmon (collective electronic oscillations at the surface of metals) resonances for sensing. In a simplified picture and in […]

First direct visualization by photoemision of how the Luttinger theorem works for Kondo lattices

First direct visualization by photoemision of how the Luttinger theorem works for Kondo lattices

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

Elements with 4f or 5f electrons in unfilled electron bands and their componuds , which have ions carrying magnetic moments but do not magnetically order, or only do so at very low temperatures, are generally known as heavy-fermion or heavy electron systems because the scattering of the conduction electrons with the magnetic ions results in […]

Finite size analogue of a heavy Fermi liquid in an atomic scale Kondo lattice

Finite size analogue of a heavy Fermi liquid in an atomic scale Kondo lattice

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsQuantum physics

By DIPC

The scattering of conduction electrons in metals owing to impurities with magnetic moments is known as the Kondo effect, after Jun Kondo, who analysed the phenomenon in 1964. This scattering increases the electrical resistance and has the consequence that, in contrast to ordinary metals, the resistance reaches a minimum as the temperature is lowered and […]