Category archives: Materials

How to detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay

How to detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay

ChemistryMaterialsParticle physics

By DIPC

A new fluorescent bicolour indicator, an organic molecule, could help detect the daughter atom of a neutrinoless double beta decay. If this is achieved, there would be an explanation to the matter-anti matter asymmetry in the universe. Experiments performed in 1909 by Geiger and Marsden, also called Rutherford gold foil experiment because Rutherford was their […]

Neutron sciences as an essential tool to develop ‘materials for a better life’

Neutron sciences as an essential tool to develop ‘materials for a better life’

Materials

By BCMaterials

Until 1932, atoms were considered to consist in positive charges, called protons, located within the atomic nucleus, where the majority of the mass of the atom is concentrated, and negative charges, identified as electrons, surrounding the nucleus to make it electrically neutral. However, in 1932 James Chadwick discovered the neutron, an uncharged particle located at […]

Plasmonic nanocrystals-cellulose hybrid

Plasmonic nanocrystals-cellulose hybrid

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterials

By DIPC

When we consider the variety of possible wonder applications of plasmonic nanoparticles we usually forget a key aspect: how these laboratory results can be transformed into something really usable in everyday life. For that to occur some not-that-simple problems must be resolved first. For example, plasmonic nanoparticles exhibit excellent light-harvesting properties in the visible spectral […]

The magnetism of triangulene

The magnetism of triangulene

MaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physics

By DIPC

Graphene is a diamagnetic material, this is, unable of becoming magnetic. However, a triangular piece of graphene is predicted to be magnetic. This apparent contradiction is a consequence of “magic” shapes in the structure of graphene flakes, which force electrons to “spin” more easily in one direction. Triangulene is a triangular graphene flake, which possesses […]

Second-harmonic generation in a quantum emitter – metallic nanoparticle hybrid

Second-harmonic generation in a quantum emitter – metallic nanoparticle hybrid

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

When two photons with the same energy interact with a nonlinear material, they “combine” and generate a new photon with twice the energy of the initial photons. More precisely, two photons at the fundamental frequency are absorbed by a plasmonic structure to emit one photon at the second-harmonic frequency. This is called second-harmonic generation. Second-harmonic […]

Engineering hybrid graphene nanoribbons with active electronic properties

Engineering hybrid graphene nanoribbons with active electronic properties

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), are strips of graphene with ultra-thin width (<50 nm). Graphene ribbons, introduced as a theoretical model by Mitsutaka Fujita and coauthors to examine the edge and nanoscale size effect in graphene, have emerged as a promising material for nanoelectronics, as they combine many of the extraordinary properties of graphene with a high […]

On-demand spectral response of phonon polaritons in van der Waals materials

On-demand spectral response of phonon polaritons in van der Waals materials

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

In the quantum theory of many-body systems, collective oscillations are called collective excitations. In a quantum context, everything is quantized. Hence, collective excitations become quantized modes because of the cooperative motion of the whole system as a result of interactions between particles. They may be electronic excitations in atoms and are referred excitons. In most […]

A universal tool for the measurement of electron−phonon coupling in conducting low-dimensional systems

A universal tool for the measurement of electron−phonon coupling in conducting low-dimensional systems

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

Superconductivity is a physical phenomenon in which some materials exhibit zero electrical resistance when cooled down below a certain critical temperature. As surprising as it can be, the critical temperature of these materials can be modified by reducing the sample size to about a million times the size of the objects we are used to […]

Controlling single molecule conductance with a new class of covalent bond formation

Controlling single molecule conductance with a new class of covalent bond formation

ChemistryMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

One of the greatest inventions of the 20th century, if not the greatest, was the transistor. It revolutionized the electronics industry and changed the way people around the world lived, learned, worked, and played. Its invention marked the beginning of solid state electronics which quickly reduced the size and power requirements of existing electronic tube […]