Category archives: Materials

An additional contribution to the spin Hall effect induced by an electric current

An additional contribution to the spin Hall effect induced by an electric current

Condensed matterMaterialsPhysicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

The interactions between moving charges and magnetic fields can be quite complicated; more if we consider the quantum effects. One example is the collection of Hall effects. Imagine that we have a conductor or a semiconductor through which a current is flowing. Then we apply a strong transverse magnetic field. As a result, we can […]

Quantum atomic fluctuations stabilize the crystal responsible for superconductivity at 250 K

Quantum atomic fluctuations stabilize the crystal responsible for superconductivity at 250 K

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Achieving room temperature superconductivity is among the most pursued but elusive goals of scientists. In December 2014 researchers claimed to have observed superconductivity as high as 200 K in hydrogen sulfide at high pressure, breaking all the records thus far. This meant that cuprates could be knocked from their position as the highest temperature superconductors […]

A local quantum emitter can be used to sense the environment of a molecule with the minimal quantum of energy

A local quantum emitter can be used to sense the environment of a molecule with the minimal quantum of energy

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physicsTheoretical physics

By DIPC

Plasmonic nanostructures confine light to dimensions far smaller than the free-space wavelength, as they mix optical fields with electronic excitations. It was not until the 1990s, with the appearance of accurate and reliable nanofabrication techniques, that plasmonics blossomed. It was found then that local fields around nanostructures could be directly measured by near-field scanning optical […]

Large multi-directional spin-to-charge conversion in a low symmetry semimetal at room temperature

Large multi-directional spin-to-charge conversion in a low symmetry semimetal at room temperature

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnology

By DIPC

Symmetry is a unifying principle that governs all aspects of physics. The physical properties of crystalline solids are no different. But, as symmetry is progressively lowered through the 32 crystallographic point groups, novel transport effects emerge. Crystal symmetry dictates also the geometry of a phenomenon that has attracted a lot of attention in recent years […]

First ever antiferromagnetic topological insulator discovered

First ever antiferromagnetic topological insulator discovered

Condensed matterMaterialsQuantum physics

By DIPC

Topological insulators are materials with special universal properties, which are protected against perturbations. Such properties are theoretically described by topology, a branch of mathematics concerned with the properties of geometrical objects that are unchanged by continuous deformations. Topological insulators are electronic materials that have a bulk band gap like an ordinary insulator but have conducting […]

Next generation nanoprobes for the microspectroscopic study of biosystems

Next generation nanoprobes for the microspectroscopic study of biosystems

Condensed matterMaterialsNanotechnologyQuantum physics

By DIPC

Nonlinear processes are attractive in microscopy and spectroscopy since they can be excited with light in the near‐infrared, which offers several advantages, from a deep tissue penetration capability or a reduced photodamage due to the lower photon energy, to a spatially more confined probed volume, which can result in an improved lateral resolution. These processes […]

Excited-state aromaticity

Excited-state aromaticity

ChemistryMaterials

By DIPC

We usually take for granted that aromaticity is something that belongs to the ground state of a molecule; but the fact is that nothing forbids aromaticity appearing in an excited state. In the same way that molecular properties are largely affected by the ground-state aromaticity, excited-state aromaticity can guide the understanding of excited-state processes, the […]

Direct observation of dynamic tube dilation in entangled polymer blends

Direct observation of dynamic tube dilation in entangled polymer blends

ChemistryCondensed matterMaterialsPhysics

By DIPC

One of the unique features of the chemistry of carbon (and, to some extent, silicon) is its ability to form long chains of atoms. Polymers are substances that have macromolecules composed of many repeating units (known as ‘mers’). Many naturally occurring substances are polymers, including rubber and many substances based on glucose, such as the […]