MI weekly selection #239

Data assimilation to help predict volcano eruptions

A new method to forecast volcano activity using data assimilation is being developed by researchers in France. The method uses satellite data to gauge each volcano’s magma overpressure.

Scientific American

Bees exposed to pesticides even with untreated plants

Bees are exposed to neonicotinoid pesticides even with untreated plants and crops, according to a pair of studies published in Science that looked at the effects of long-term neonicotinoid exposure on colonies. The studies, which looked at bees at various sites throughout the world, show the pesticides’ environmental reach and the negative effects they have on bee colonies’ health.

Los Angeles Times

Adenosine-blocking treatments might improve hearing

The ability to process sound, which decreases with age, might be restored with drugs or genetic treatments. Researchers found that older mice were better able to distinguish between similar tones when adenosine signaling in the thalamus was blocked, causing an increase in neurons in the auditory cortex.

New Scientist

A 40-nanometer carbon nanotube transistor

Researchers have created a carbon nanotube transistor with a 40-nanometer footprint. The transistor is being developed as a speedier, more efficient alternative to silicon transistors.

Science

Researchers testing genomic vaccines

A number of research projects are testing genomics as a way to fight a number of diseases, including Ebola, HIV and cancer. Genomic vaccines encode proteins to boost the body’s own immune response.

Scientific American

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