Author archives: Jesús Zamora Bonilla

What is consciousness? (2): Is the hard problem really hard?

What is consciousness? (2): Is the hard problem really hard?

NeurosciencePhilosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

As we saw in the previous entry of this series, philosophers of mind usually distinguish between what (after David Chalmers) they called the ‘easy’ and the ‘hard’ problem of consciousness. The ‘easy’ problem refers to how to explain the functioning of the brain: how does it manage to do things that seem to require some […]

Deconstructing intelligent design (4): On information and minds

Deconstructing intelligent design (4): On information and minds

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

After having shown the ways in which Richard Dembski’s ‘explanatory filter’ (EF) in support of the ‘intelligent design theory’ (ID) misconceives and misapplies the nature of scientific explanation, I shall devote the last entries of this series to discuss another mistake in Dembski’s work: the way in which he employs the ‘no free lunch’ theorems […]

Deconstructing intelligent design (3): The true (and complex) nature of the ‘explanatory filter’

Deconstructing intelligent design (3): The true (and complex) nature of the ‘explanatory filter’

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

If in the two previous entries of this series we have seen that (contrarily to what Dembski’s filter suggests and needs) ‘law’ and ‘hazard’ are not different types of explanations, but necessary and complementary elements of basically all explanatory models, I will try to show here that ‘explanation from purpose’ is not as significantly different […]

Deconstructing intelligent design (2): Dembski’s “explanatory filter” is not a filter at all

Deconstructing intelligent design (2): Dembski’s “explanatory filter” is not a filter at all

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

Besides confusing what a scientific explanation is, as we saw in the previous entry , Dembski’s ‘explanatory filter’ (‘anything must be explained by law, by chance, or by design’) also commits the worst mistake that can be committed while using the logical rule known as ‘disjunctive syllogism’ (“either p or q; not p; ergo q”) […]

Deconstructing intelligent design (1): On Dembski’s wrong “explanatory filter”

Deconstructing intelligent design (1): On Dembski’s wrong “explanatory filter”

Philosophy of science

By Jesús Zamora Bonilla

The most notorious argument presented in favour of the theory that asserts that living beings are necessarily the result of a conscious and deliberate act of intelligent creation, is William Dembski’s ‘explanatory filter’ (EF). According to this argument, when explaining anything, we have three alternatives: first, we shall try to explain it as the result […]