Category archives: Neurobiology

Interleukin-35 and autism

Interleukin-35 and autism

Neurobiology

By José Ramón Alonso

The cause of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is not known yet, but it is clear that there is a complex interaction between many genes and many environmental factors. Autism affects not only those aspects that are used for diagnosis: social interaction, communication, and restricted and repetitive behaviors, but also many other factors related to the […]

Maternity and autism

Maternity and autism

Neurobiology

By José Ramón Alonso

Research on autism is addressing some of the many issues that are pending and one of them is the situation and perspectives of the rest of the family: fathers, mothers, siblings, grandparents… A recent study examines some aspects of women with autism who have had a child with ASD, compared to women without autism who […]

Corpus callosum and autism

Corpus callosum and autism

Neurobiology

By José Ramón Alonso

The complexity of the brain stems from its connectivity. This is evidenced by the disproportionate increase in the volume of white substance throughout primate evolution even though the “grey matter” is the one that takes the fame; that is, there are more and more “wires” connecting the different cortical regions over long distances according to […]

Could regulators of the immune system have a role in schizophrenia?

Could regulators of the immune system have a role in schizophrenia?

BiomedicineNeurobiology

By Invited Researcher

In a new publication led by Dr. Albert Giralt, the researchers discovered the interaction between a transcription factor identified as “Helios” and a protein called “WDFY1” that could help elucidate the link between immunity and schizophrenia . Schizophrenia is an incurable mental illness characterized by relapsing episodes of psychosis. This disorder affects approximately 1% of […]

A mutation could protect from familiar Alzheimer’s cognitive decline

A mutation could protect from familiar Alzheimer’s cognitive decline

GeneticsHealthNeurobiology

By Rosa García-Verdugo

A reported case study in a Colombian woman , member of a family carriers of a mutation in the presinilin 1 gene which leads to early onset Alzheimer’s, has shown that a certain mutation in the gene APOE3 can protect from the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer’s disease. This woman was already aged 70 but […]

Human Accelerated Regions: What makes us human?

Human Accelerated Regions: What makes us human?

Neurobiology

By Invited Researcher

What differentiates us from our closest relatives and how are these differences caused? Scientists are trying to answer this question by comparing the genomic information of us and our closest relatives. Yet, we are far from having a genomic explanation that justifies the observed phenotypic differences. Human Accelerated Regions (HARs) However, some findings bring us […]