Everybody knows the force that is required to activate a light switch on a wall – a finger is enough. But how much force do you need to apply if the device was dramatically reduced to the “nanoscale world”, that […]
In order to study new solid state magnetic properties appropiate new laboratory models are needed. In particular, there is a necessity for a substrate to investigate new forms of magnetic coupling with nanoscale ferromagnets and the exotic physics at the […]
Leire Gartzia Rivero got a Chemistry degree and completed her Master studies in “New Materials” at the University of the Basque Country. She holds a Ph.D. in Materials Science and Technology obtained at the same university, in the […]
A phase may be defined as a homogeneous portion of a system that has uniform physical and chemical characteristics. Every pure material is considered to be a phase; so also is every solid, liquid, and gaseous solution. For example, a […]
Ionization is a fundamental process in chemistry and physics, lying at the heart of many fascinating phenomena.
Ionization is the process of producing ions. Certain molecules ionize in solution, for example. But ions may also be formed when an atom […]
A visionary perspective of molecular electronics is the use of single molecules as functional entities in electronic devices. In this context, some of the most important components are molecular switches, which are molecules that can be interconverted reversibly between at […]
All we know about fire under Earth´s gravity must be questioned in microgravity. In fact, most of the well-known characteristics of fire behavior are driven by the effects of gravity. That´s why the science of combustion in low-gravity environments is […]
In the early days of organic chemistry, the word aromatic was used to describe fragrant substances such as benzene (from coal distillate), benzaldehyde (from cherries, peaches, and almonds), and toluene (from tolu balsam).
It was soon realized, however, that substances […]
What more can be learnt from the chemistry of noble gases?
Noble gases, the members of group 18 of the periodic table of elements (in previous terminology – group VIII) are known as monoatomic gases. The latter property is the […]
In 1912, a French chemist named Louis Camille Maillard published a paper to explain what happens when amino acids react with sugars at elevated temperatures. And I guess you are thinking: so what? Well, it turns out that this […]